128*64 OLED with Arduino

Posted by Elli0t on 2020-09-13

I2C , SPI and UART

串行与并行通信

并行

Introduction-to-SPI-Parallel-Transmission-of-One-Byte-3

串行

Introduction-to-SPI-Serial-Transmission-of-the-Letter-C

I2C 内部集成电路

https://www.circuitbasics.com/basics-of-the-i2c-communication-protocol/

Introduction-to-I2C-Single-Master-Single-Slave

SPI 串行外围设备接口

https://www.circuitbasics.com/basics-of-the-spi-communication-protocol/

Introduction-to-SPI-Master-and-Slave-20200912170217362

UART 通用异步接收器/发送器

https://www.circuitbasics.com/basics-uart-communication/

Introduction-to-UART-Data-Transmission-Diagram

I2C 和 SPI 之间的区别

OLED code by Adafruit

ssd13006_back

ssd1306_128*64_spi

IMG_1586

https://github.com/adafruit/Adafruit_SSD1306/tree/master/examples/ssd1306_128x64_spi

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/**************************************************************************
This is an example for our Monochrome OLEDs based on SSD1306 drivers
Pick one up today in the adafruit shop!
------> http://www.adafruit.com/category/63_98
This example is for a 128x64 pixel display using SPI to communicate
4 or 5 pins are required to interface.
Adafruit invests time and resources providing this open
source code, please support Adafruit and open-source
hardware by purchasing products from Adafruit!
Written by Limor Fried/Ladyada for Adafruit Industries,
with contributions from the open source community.
BSD license, check license.txt for more information
All text above, and the splash screen below must be
included in any redistribution.
**************************************************************************/

#include <SPI.h>
#include <Wire.h>
#include <Adafruit_GFX.h>
#include <Adafruit_SSD1306.h>

#define SCREEN_WIDTH 128 // OLED display width, in pixels
#define SCREEN_HEIGHT 64 // OLED display height, in pixels

// Declaration for SSD1306 display connected using software SPI (default case):
#define OLED_MOSI 9 //D1
#define OLED_CLK 10 //D0
#define OLED_DC 11
#define OLED_CS 12
#define OLED_RESET 13
Adafruit_SSD1306 display(SCREEN_WIDTH, SCREEN_HEIGHT,
OLED_MOSI, OLED_CLK, OLED_DC, OLED_RESET, OLED_CS);

/* Comment out above, uncomment this block to use hardware SPI
#define OLED_DC 6
#define OLED_CS 7
#define OLED_RESET 8
Adafruit_SSD1306 display(SCREEN_WIDTH, SCREEN_HEIGHT,
&SPI, OLED_DC, OLED_RESET, OLED_CS);
*/

#define NUMFLAKES 10 // Number of snowflakes in the animation example

#define LOGO_HEIGHT 16
#define LOGO_WIDTH 16
static const unsigned char PROGMEM logo_bmp[] =
{ B00000000, B11000000,
B00000001, B11000000,
B00000001, B11000000,
B00000011, B11100000,
B11110011, B11100000,
B11111110, B11111000,
B01111110, B11111111,
B00110011, B10011111,
B00011111, B11111100,
B00001101, B01110000,
B00011011, B10100000,
B00111111, B11100000,
B00111111, B11110000,
B01111100, B11110000,
B01110000, B01110000,
B00000000, B00110000 };

void setup() {
Serial.begin(9600);

// SSD1306_SWITCHCAPVCC = generate display voltage from 3.3V internally
if(!display.begin(SSD1306_SWITCHCAPVCC)) {
Serial.println(F("SSD1306 allocation failed"));
for(;;); // Don't proceed, loop forever
}


// Show initial display buffer contents on the screen --
// the library initializes this with an Adafruit splash screen.
display.display();
delay(2000); // Pause for 2 seconds

// Clear the buffer
display.clearDisplay();

// Draw a single pixel in white
display.drawPixel(10, 10, SSD1306_WHITE);

// Show the display buffer on the screen. You MUST call display() after
// drawing commands to make them visible on screen!
display.display();
delay(2000);
// display.display() is NOT necessary after every single drawing command,
// unless that's what you want...rather, you can batch up a bunch of
// drawing operations and then update the screen all at once by calling
// display.display(). These examples demonstrate both approaches...

testdrawline(); // Draw many lines

testdrawrect(); // Draw rectangles (outlines)

testfillrect(); // Draw rectangles (filled)

testdrawcircle(); // Draw circles (outlines)

testfillcircle(); // Draw circles (filled)

testdrawroundrect(); // Draw rounded rectangles (outlines)

testfillroundrect(); // Draw rounded rectangles (filled)

testdrawtriangle(); // Draw triangles (outlines)

testfilltriangle(); // Draw triangles (filled)

testdrawchar(); // Draw characters of the default font

testdrawstyles(); // Draw 'stylized' characters

testscrolltext(); // Draw scrolling text

testdrawbitmap(); // Draw a small bitmap image

// Invert and restore display, pausing in-between
display.invertDisplay(true);
delay(1000);
display.invertDisplay(false);
delay(1000);

testanimate(logo_bmp, LOGO_WIDTH, LOGO_HEIGHT); // Animate bitmaps
}

void loop() {
}

void testdrawline() {
int16_t i;

display.clearDisplay(); // Clear display buffer

for(i=0; i<display.width(); i+=4) {
display.drawLine(0, 0, i, display.height()-1, SSD1306_WHITE);
display.display(); // Update screen with each newly-drawn line
delay(1);
}
for(i=0; i<display.height(); i+=4) {
display.drawLine(0, 0, display.width()-1, i, SSD1306_WHITE);
display.display();
delay(1);
}
delay(250);

display.clearDisplay();

for(i=0; i<display.width(); i+=4) {
display.drawLine(0, display.height()-1, i, 0, SSD1306_WHITE);
display.display();
delay(1);
}
for(i=display.height()-1; i>=0; i-=4) {
display.drawLine(0, display.height()-1, display.width()-1, i, SSD1306_WHITE);
display.display();
delay(1);
}
delay(250);

display.clearDisplay();

for(i=display.width()-1; i>=0; i-=4) {
display.drawLine(display.width()-1, display.height()-1, i, 0, SSD1306_WHITE);
display.display();
delay(1);
}
for(i=display.height()-1; i>=0; i-=4) {
display.drawLine(display.width()-1, display.height()-1, 0, i, SSD1306_WHITE);
display.display();
delay(1);
}
delay(250);

display.clearDisplay();

for(i=0; i<display.height(); i+=4) {
display.drawLine(display.width()-1, 0, 0, i, SSD1306_WHITE);
display.display();
delay(1);
}
for(i=0; i<display.width(); i+=4) {
display.drawLine(display.width()-1, 0, i, display.height()-1, SSD1306_WHITE);
display.display();
delay(1);
}

delay(2000); // Pause for 2 seconds
}

void testdrawrect(void) {
display.clearDisplay();

for(int16_t i=0; i<display.height()/2; i+=2) {
display.drawRect(i, i, display.width()-2*i, display.height()-2*i, SSD1306_WHITE);
display.display(); // Update screen with each newly-drawn rectangle
delay(1);
}

delay(2000);
}

void testfillrect(void) {
display.clearDisplay();

for(int16_t i=0; i<display.height()/2; i+=3) {
// The INVERSE color is used so rectangles alternate white/black
display.fillRect(i, i, display.width()-i*2, display.height()-i*2, SSD1306_INVERSE);
display.display(); // Update screen with each newly-drawn rectangle
delay(1);
}

delay(2000);
}

void testdrawcircle(void) {
display.clearDisplay();

for(int16_t i=0; i<max(display.width(),display.height())/2; i+=2) {
display.drawCircle(display.width()/2, display.height()/2, i, SSD1306_WHITE);
display.display();
delay(1);
}

delay(2000);
}

void testfillcircle(void) {
display.clearDisplay();

for(int16_t i=max(display.width(),display.height())/2; i>0; i-=3) {
// The INVERSE color is used so circles alternate white/black
display.fillCircle(display.width() / 2, display.height() / 2, i, SSD1306_INVERSE);
display.display(); // Update screen with each newly-drawn circle
delay(1);
}

delay(2000);
}

void testdrawroundrect(void) {
display.clearDisplay();

for(int16_t i=0; i<display.height()/2-2; i+=2) {
display.drawRoundRect(i, i, display.width()-2*i, display.height()-2*i,
display.height()/4, SSD1306_WHITE);
display.display();
delay(1);
}

delay(2000);
}

void testfillroundrect(void) {
display.clearDisplay();

for(int16_t i=0; i<display.height()/2-2; i+=2) {
// The INVERSE color is used so round-rects alternate white/black
display.fillRoundRect(i, i, display.width()-2*i, display.height()-2*i,
display.height()/4, SSD1306_INVERSE);
display.display();
delay(1);
}

delay(2000);
}

void testdrawtriangle(void) {
display.clearDisplay();

for(int16_t i=0; i<max(display.width(),display.height())/2; i+=5) {
display.drawTriangle(
display.width()/2 , display.height()/2-i,
display.width()/2-i, display.height()/2+i,
display.width()/2+i, display.height()/2+i, SSD1306_WHITE);
display.display();
delay(1);
}

delay(2000);
}

void testfilltriangle(void) {
display.clearDisplay();

for(int16_t i=max(display.width(),display.height())/2; i>0; i-=5) {
// The INVERSE color is used so triangles alternate white/black
display.fillTriangle(
display.width()/2 , display.height()/2-i,
display.width()/2-i, display.height()/2+i,
display.width()/2+i, display.height()/2+i, SSD1306_INVERSE);
display.display();
delay(1);
}

delay(2000);
}

void testdrawchar(void) {
display.clearDisplay();

display.setTextSize(1); // Normal 1:1 pixel scale
display.setTextColor(SSD1306_WHITE); // Draw white text
display.setCursor(0, 0); // Start at top-left corner
display.cp437(true); // Use full 256 char 'Code Page 437' font

// Not all the characters will fit on the display. This is normal.
// Library will draw what it can and the rest will be clipped.
for(int16_t i=0; i<256; i++) {
if(i == '\n') display.write(' ');
else display.write(i);
}

display.display();
delay(2000);
}

void testdrawstyles(void) {
display.clearDisplay();

display.setTextSize(1); // Normal 1:1 pixel scale
display.setTextColor(SSD1306_WHITE); // Draw white text
display.setCursor(0,0); // Start at top-left corner
display.println(F("Hello, world!"));

display.setTextColor(SSD1306_BLACK, SSD1306_WHITE); // Draw 'inverse' text
display.println(3.141592);

display.setTextSize(2); // Draw 2X-scale text
display.setTextColor(SSD1306_WHITE);
display.print(F("0x")); display.println(0xDEADBEEF, HEX);

display.display();
delay(2000);
}

void testscrolltext(void) {
display.clearDisplay();

display.setTextSize(2); // Draw 2X-scale text
display.setTextColor(SSD1306_WHITE);
display.setCursor(10, 0);
display.println(F("scroll"));
display.display(); // Show initial text
delay(100);

// Scroll in various directions, pausing in-between:
display.startscrollright(0x00, 0x0F);
delay(2000);
display.stopscroll();
delay(1000);
display.startscrollleft(0x00, 0x0F);
delay(2000);
display.stopscroll();
delay(1000);
display.startscrolldiagright(0x00, 0x07);
delay(2000);
display.startscrolldiagleft(0x00, 0x07);
delay(2000);
display.stopscroll();
delay(1000);
}

void testdrawbitmap(void) {
display.clearDisplay();

display.drawBitmap(
(display.width() - LOGO_WIDTH ) / 2,
(display.height() - LOGO_HEIGHT) / 2,
logo_bmp, LOGO_WIDTH, LOGO_HEIGHT, 1);
display.display();
delay(1000);
}

#define XPOS 0 // Indexes into the 'icons' array in function below
#define YPOS 1
#define DELTAY 2

void testanimate(const uint8_t *bitmap, uint8_t w, uint8_t h) {
int8_t f, icons[NUMFLAKES][3];

// Initialize 'snowflake' positions
for(f=0; f< NUMFLAKES; f++) {
icons[f][XPOS] = random(1 - LOGO_WIDTH, display.width());
icons[f][YPOS] = -LOGO_HEIGHT;
icons[f][DELTAY] = random(1, 6);
Serial.print(F("x: "));
Serial.print(icons[f][XPOS], DEC);
Serial.print(F(" y: "));
Serial.print(icons[f][YPOS], DEC);
Serial.print(F(" dy: "));
Serial.println(icons[f][DELTAY], DEC);
}

for(;;) { // Loop forever...
display.clearDisplay(); // Clear the display buffer

// Draw each snowflake:
for(f=0; f< NUMFLAKES; f++) {
display.drawBitmap(icons[f][XPOS], icons[f][YPOS], bitmap, w, h, SSD1306_WHITE);
}

display.display(); // Show the display buffer on the screen
delay(200); // Pause for 1/10 second

// Then update coordinates of each flake...
for(f=0; f< NUMFLAKES; f++) {
icons[f][YPOS] += icons[f][DELTAY];
// If snowflake is off the bottom of the screen...
if (icons[f][YPOS] >= display.height()) {
// Reinitialize to a random position, just off the top
icons[f][XPOS] = random(1 - LOGO_WIDTH, display.width());
icons[f][YPOS] = -LOGO_HEIGHT;
icons[f][DELTAY] = random(1, 6);
}
}
}
}

Link
https://www.robot-electronics.co.uk/
Diff between I2C and SPI
https://aticleworld.com/difference-between-i2c-and-spi/#:~:text=I2C%20is%20a%20half%2Dduplex,not%20the%20feature%20of%20SPI.
https://www.adafruit.com/
https://github.com/adafruit/Adafruit_SSD1306
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7x1P80X1V3E&t=1418s
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RoDga09YzNg
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lkWZuAnHa2Y